Contact: Brenon Daly
For all the ‘next generation’ hype throughout much of the information security (infosec) market, 17-year-old ForeScout represents a bit of a throwback. For instance, ForeScout has been around twice as long as the other infosec company to make it public this year, Okta. Further, its business is primarily tied to old-line boxes, while Okta and other startups of a more-recent vintage have pushed their businesses to the cloud.
That comes through in the numbers. At ForeScout, sales of products (physical appliances, mostly) still accounts for about half of the company’s revenue. The remaining half comes from maintenance fees, with just a sliver of professional services revenue. There’s no mention in ForeScout’s IPO paperwork of ‘bookings’ or ‘billings’ or any other business metric favored by companies delivering their offering through a newer subscription model
While not flashy, ForeScout’s business model works. (There aren’t too many startups that are generating a quarter-billion dollars of revenue and increasing that by one-third every year.) ForeScout posted $167m in sales in 2016, and $91m in the first half of 2017. (Growth over that period has been consistent at roughly 33%.) Assuming that pace holds through the end of 2017, ForeScout would put up about $220m in revenue, or roughly triple the amount of sales it generated in 2014.
However, in our view, much of that performance has been more than priced into the company, which secured a $1bn valuation in the private market. That said, we also don’t imagine that ForeScout will be one of those unicorns that stumbles when it steps onto Wall Street. (Post-IPO valuations for recent offerings from Snap, Blue Apron, Cloudera and Tintri are all lingering below the level they secured from VCs.)
ForeScout likely won’t enjoy anywhere near the platinum valuation that Okta commands. (The cloud-based identity vendor currently trades at a market valuation of $2.7bn, or 11x this year’s forecast revenue of $245m.) Instead, to value ForeScout, Wall Street might look to another product-based infosec provider, Fortinet.
The two companies don’t exactly line up, either in terms of strategic focus or scale. (Fortinet generates far more revenue each quarter than ForeScout will all year, while ForeScout is growing about twice as fast as Fortinet.) Nonetheless, Wall Street currently values Fortinet at roughly 4.3x current year’s revenue. Slapping that valuation on ForeScout would get the company to a $1bn valuation, but not much higher.
451 Research subscribers can look for a full report on ForeScout’s filing later today.